People travel every day. Some use cars. Other use airplanes, and others use electric bikes. Electric bikes, also known as e-bikes, have gained a lot of popularity in recent years. People have started to use e-bikes more often to travel. However, to get the best from using e-bikes, you need to have the best battery suited for you. E-bike batteries play a major role in your e-bike experience, which is why it is crucial to choose the best. This article will inform you of everything you need to know about how to choose an e-bike battery properly.
Basic E-Bike Battery Terminologies
To buy the best e-bike battery for your needs, you will first need to understand the basic e-bike battery terminologies. We have created a list of the basic terminologies to help you understand things better.
- Amperes (Amps): Unit of electrical current. It can be compared to a road. The bigger the road, the more cars can drive through simultaneously.
- Ampere per hour (Ah): Unit of electrical charge. It is the dimensions of electrical current against time. It indicated the capacity of a battery.
- Voltage (V): It is also known as volts. It is a unit of electric potential difference or the size of the pressure that sends the electrons through a circuit.
- Watts (W): Unit of power. The stronger the watt, the stronger the power output from your e-bike.
- Watt per hour (Wh): Watt per hour is a unit of power measurement over an hour.
Types of Batteries:
Now that you know the basic e-bike terminologies, we will introduce you to the types of batteries you will most likely encounter.
- Lead Acid: These are the cheapest batteries you will find in the market. Their power output and battery capacity are small, and they are heavier than lithium and nickel batteries.
- Nickel-cadmium: With the right maintenance, these strong batteries can last for a long time. However, because they contain cadmium, a dangerous pollutant, they are not good for your e-bikes.
- Nickel-metal hybrid: These batteries are better than the two previous ones. However, its durability is bad. Charging them can be difficult, and they are hard to maintain. Because of its high-self discharge due to heat, they are not a good fit for your e-bikes.
- Lithium-ion: These are the most popular e-bike batteries. They produce more power output, are more durable, and last longer. Although they may be costly, they are the best e-bike batteries.
Things to Look Out For Before Choosing a Lithium-Ion Battery
Two things to look out for before choosing a lithium-ion battery are the ampere and volts rating. These two determine the power input, range, and durability of your battery. The volts help determine the speed of your e-bike, and the ampere helps determine how fast your battery can deliver that speed. The two most common nominal voltages are the 48v e-bike battery and the 36v e-bike battery. These are the ones that most people go for. However, if you want to get more speed, you could go for the 52v e-bike battery; and if you want to go even faster, you could go for the 72v e-bike battery.
How to Charge Electric Bike Battery?
Charging your e-bike battery is very important. Handling it the wrong way could cause some damage, and it would even harm you. To ensure that your e-bike battery charges in the best environment possible, remove the battery first. You can then just plug it into a power plug and let it charge. The majority of chargers will have red lights that will turn into green lights to let you know that the battery is full.
How Long Does an E-bike Battery Last?Your e-bike battery's durability relies on the type of battery you chose and the care and maintenance you give to it. With proper care and maintenance, your battery will most likely last longer. With the right care, maintenance, and battery type, you can expect your e-bike battery to last around 2 to 4 years.
How to Maintain E-bike Battery?
The better the maintenance of your e-bike battery, the longer it will last. There are a few things we have listed to help you maintain your battery better:
- Avoid charging your battery to 100%. Battery degradation can occur when it stays charged to a high voltage.
- To balance things, you should only fully charge your battery once every few weeks.
- Avoid discharging your battery. Recharge your batteries when they have between 30% and 60% remaining.
- Bike maintenance:
2. Bike maintenance:
- Before a ride, make sure your tires are inflated to the right pressure level.
- Every few weeks, clean and lubricate your bike's chain.
- Take your bike to a repair shop once a year.
- E-bikes have different levels of throttle and pedal assistance.
- Using the throttle causes your motor to work harder, which will drain your battery faster.
- If you want to save up some battery, consider using the pedal assist more.
4. Regenerative braking:
- When slowing down or stopping, the motor will use kinetic energy to recharge your battery.
5. Battery indicator:
- The battery indicator indicated the state of your battery's charge.
- The battery indicator drops faster and faster, so do not wait for it to be 50% before turning around to charge.